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Monday, 5 June 2017

沒忘記的就用藝術說話,63

數一數,由2011年開始參與「這一代六四」在六月三日晚上於銅鑼灣東角道的行為藝術演出,今年2017年,第7年。而這個行動的發起人,Him Lo則在2009年開始。



Thursday, 18 May 2017

007【體模之路:祼體模特兒入門】之 【祼體繪畫模特兒 及 祼體攝影模特兒 兩者比較】

有鑑於大眾錯誤以為所有祼體模特兒工作形式都一樣,本文簡單比較兩者在繪畫及攝影時的分別:

Wednesday, 17 May 2017

006【體模之路:祼體模特兒入門】之 【2。簡介祼體攝影模特兒及《特別注意事項!》】之二

祼體攝影模特兒須要特別注意及考慮的事項比較多,本文就「照片授權使用」、「特別要求」以及「室內和戶外拍攝」簡單分享一下。
有關照片授權使用:
攝影師會要求模特兒授權使用其照片,模特兒要仔細了解條款,慎重考慮能否公開自己的身份,以及心理上作好準備,自己能否在照片發佈後承受公眾壓力:包括親友的批評、觀眾的目光、或不同衞道人士的道德批判。假如未準備承受相關壓力,模特兒可以不授權攝影師使用其相片,甚至不接受工作,只限於「私影」。(有關「私影」另有文章細談。)
有關特別要求:
拍攝前,模特兒和攝影師最好溝通清楚,理解拍攝內容及相方要求。模特兒有權拒絕在事前沒有提及的情況,如有需改變拍攝方式,攝影師也須要向模特兒仔細說明。如:
*穿著性感的衣飾:可能會太緊或讓身體感到不適的衣服
*身體私處部位的特寫:模特兒可以事先考慮,甚至拒絕拍攝要求
*距離:在一般情況下無論鏡頭放置多近,攝影師都不會觸摸模特兒
*預先換上鬆身衣服:因攝影師要求,可能在拍攝前預先脫去把內衣褲,換上鬆身衣服,以便在拍攝時
身體不會留下箍痕
*特別的要求:綑綁、濕身、放煙花或煙餅、在身體上撒爽身粉、煉奶或蜜糖等。
有關室內和戶外拍攝:
室內:必須注意避免身陷險境,不接受單獨約在酒店房間拍攝,因為難以離開和中止拍攝。裸體拍攝的地點如果在室內影樓進行,攝影師又有助手幫忙,會是較為安全的環境。
戶外:裸體模特兒在戶外環境下拍攝,須要承受額外的壓力和不安。有時候,模特兒覺得已承諾了拍攝,又成team人已安排好,忽然對自己感到不安須要停止拍攝,會感到難以啟齒。但無論如何,當任何一方感到不安,最好中止攝拍,停下來商量再作安排。要知道拍攝的時間地點是可以更改的,無必要使任何一方難受,甚至造成心理陰影。
裸體拍攝的地點如在戶外進行的話,就要在事前作好周詳準備。攝影師最好事先視察環境,查看天氣,減低可能遇到的意外:例如四周環境衞生、站或坐姿的位置安全與否、會不會遇到途人等。(有關戶外環境拍攝,另有文章細談。)
另外,拍攝時的可能需要的物品:
戶外:水、蚊怕水、膏藥、急救箱、雨具、拖鞋、方便披上身的浴衣或衣服、留意附近有無洗手間
室內:毛巾、紙巾、留意影樓有沒有浴室可供清洗身體
(攝影:Nicola L.)
(模特兒:小丁)
【文章待續】
【3。上述兩者比較】
【4。關於以金錢作為報酬】

Tuesday, 16 May 2017

005【體模之路:祼體模特兒入門】之 【2。簡介攝影裸體模特兒】之一

005【體模之路:祼體模特兒入門】之
【2。簡介攝影裸體模特兒】之一
﹣﹣﹣﹣﹣﹣﹣﹣﹣﹣﹣﹣﹣

攝影裸體模特兒的工作,相對繪畫裸體模特兒來說,在理念上和性質上都複雜得多。攝影創作的過程可以非常高速,姿勢要求變動頻密,模特兒須要消耗較多體力。在一至兩小時的拍攝中,可達六百至一千張相片,即使滿意的作品可能只寥寥數張。而高速的攝影技術(high speed camera)更能拍攝連續跳躍等動作,以至營造「空中飄浮」的效果。是以攝影師可以把一位模特兒的體力推向極致,當中與攝影師的互動更直接、更有爆發力,二個人都能同時把創作能量推進。

拍攝理念:
攝影的力量,在於能捕捉人的不同面貌。攝影師透過拍攝去探索不同的「我」——鏡頭下拍的雖然是模特兒,但這個主觀角度也反映攝影師自我投射的取態。一些攝影師有強烈的個人風格,無論拍誰都是「他眼中的人」,就像繪畫模特兒一樣——只是創作者眼中「部份的他」,而不是模特兒的「完全真我」。攝影的力量,也能窺探人在鏡頭前的「私密」,一些不想公開的臉貌,可能在無意之間暴露於鏡頭下。是以有些人從不喜歡被拍攝,因為「被你拍攝的我不完全是我」,而「我」亦不想公開「真實的我」。

攝影模特兒應選擇讓自己感到安心,又拍攝理念相近的合作對象,彼此促進了解及互相交流,有利創作。假若模特兒在拍攝期間無法有效地和攝影師交流,相方不但不能把拍攝的能量推進,又會令模特兒感到被物化,像一只道具般被「使用」,合作變成一種「自我出售」。

模特兒必須小心選擇攝影創作的意識形態,就個人而言,有些題目我是不接受的,如:
*作品概念上有貶低或醜化女性意圖
*有歧視意圖
*被姦殺
*扮演吸食毒品
*作為替身,或面目模糊的屍體

更重要的是,絕對不接受不尊重模特兒,或把模特兒當作純粹工具的創作者。

(攝影:小丁)
(雕塑家/模特兒:Lenka)

【文章待續】
【2。簡介祼體攝影模特兒及《特別注意事項!》】之二
【3。上述兩者比較】
【4。關於以金錢作為報酬】

Monday, 15 May 2017

004【體模之路:祼體模特兒入門】 之【1。簡介繪畫裸體模特兒】

004【體模之路:祼體模特兒入門】
之【1。簡介繪畫裸體模特兒】

繪畫模特兒基本上是畫家們「活的人形」,雖然擺出各種姿勢時有自由度,但往往以繪畫者的引導為主,表情通常平和靜態。假如動作是一個「long post」,即長時間作固定動作,繪畫者們會選一個不同角度都能展示身體線條的姿態,模特兒會因應動作的舒適和自然作出調整,讓該動作能保持一段時間而不太勞累甚至感到痛楚。

繪畫模特兒的工作特質是和創作者有一定「距離」,因為繪畫者不是直接擷取模特兒的身體,而須要透過時間去消化眼睛所見,理解眼前的身體構造並以自己的方式創作,這亦是繪畫者與模特兒交流的重點——把眼前真實的影像與想像融合。

抽象、有個人風格的人體繪畫,不講自明地已達到這個藝術轉化。高超技巧的寫實人體繪畫,寫實程度雖幾可亂真,但重點是繪畫者會自動修正見到的瑕疵,把美的部份放大,所以無論多寫實的繪畫都不會相等於攝影。

不少模特兒本身也參與藝術工作,他們明白當其他繪畫者的「繆斯」的好玩之處。因為作品中的「人」既有模特兒的自我,也有他人(創作者)的角度或自我投射。模特兒在自己的作品中, 往往發現自己卻又不完全是他們的特質,而千個人就更有千種演繹方式。這也解釋了不少繪畫模特兒,卻未必願意當攝影模特兒,因為他們期望能即場參與這種持續進行的藝術交流,而不是直接地被擷取身體影像而已。

繪畫祼體模特兒、繪畫者及其作品,在繪畫進行時三者都有「距離」,而這「距離」讓大家感到安心又富挑戰性,在不斷來回拉扯的距離中,模特兒與繪畫者交流推進創作,激發創作慾念。

現時香港大部份的 life drawing class 都是在畫室內靜靜進行,通常一課約兩至三小時,長則可達六小時以上,視乎繪畫者的需要。除了祼體繪畫外,也可以加入道具作配件的主題,例如頭巾、布幅、繩子、花朵的運用,甚至加入衣飾,例如:旗袍。

畫室「經緯站」梁老師分享說,他曾畫過繪畫舞者的 life drawing class,捕捉舞者動作的繪畫是以「追憶」為依據,經驗難忘。我說這其實像在街上畫路人一樣,捕捉一瞬即逝的行人動態,不一定要留在畫室。梁老師進一步提出,繪畫模特兒其實也可以像攝影模特兒一樣在戶外、或水中等,讓繪畫者可以與模特兒有更多互動的可能性。

(速寫:梁老師)
(模特兒:Tommy)

【文章待續】
【2。簡介祼體攝影模特兒及《特別注意事項!》】【3。上述兩者比較】
【4。關於以金錢作為報酬】


004【Way to Life Modelling: How to Work as a Nude Model】
【1. Introduction to Nude Life Drawing Modelling】

Life drawing models are basically artists’ “live human figures”. Although there is freedom when making different poses, these usually originate from the artists’ directives, and facial expressions also tend towards being both placid and calm. If the position is supposed to be a “long pose”, that is, the model spending a long time in a fixed position, then artists will usually choose one that can display the curves of the body from multiple angles. The model will then adjust the position to make it more comfortable and natural-looking, so that he/she can hold it for a longer period without feeling tiredness or even pain.

In this line of work, life drawing models can keep a certain “distance” from the artists who draw them, as such artists do not directly capture the model’s bodies. Rather, the artists first need to spend time digesting what they see and understanding the structure of the body in front of them, then they can use their own methods of creation of putting it on the page. This is also the crux of the exchange between model and artist – the melding together of a real image and the imagination.

Life drawing that is abstract or carries a more personal style already belongs in this category of artistry. Life drawing done with superior technique may look life-like, but the important thing is that such artists will automatically refine the defects that they see, while magnifying areas of beauty. So, no matter how life-like the drawing, it will never be the same as photography.

Many models also work in the arts, as they understand the fun of being other artists’ “muse”. The reason is that the “people” in the work carry aspects of the models themselves, and also the perspectives and projections of the artists who created them. Models often find qualities of themselves that are thrillingly unfamiliar in these works of art, as a thousand artists will have a thousand different ways of interpreting what they see. This also explains why many life drawing models are unwilling to become photography models, as they thrive on being a part of this prolonged live artistic exchange, and do not wish to be simply be captured as a disposable image in one instant.

The three elements of nude life drawing modelling - models, artists, and the work, form an interesting triangle where there is distance among the three elements, yet this distance is able to both challenge and make everyone feel safe. In this space of push and pull, back and forth, the exchange between model and artist is able to catalyze much creative inspiration.

Nowadays most life drawing classes in Hong Kong happen quietly inside studios. Usually, each class is about 2-3 hours, with longer ones extending beyond 6 hours, depending on the needs of the artists. Aside from nude drawing, one can also add in props to set a theme for the session, for example, scarves, cloth, rope, and flowers, or even certain items of clothing such as the qipao.

A life drawing class host in the studio 「經緯站」, Mr Leung shares that he had once drawn a dancer in a life drawing class, and the way he captured the dancer’s movement was like “chasing memories” - it was an unforgettable experience. I say this is like drawing passersby on the street. One does not need to be in the studio to capture fleeting moments in motion. Mr Leung further states that drawing life models can, like photography modelling, also take place outdoors or even in water, allowing the artist and model even more possibilities for interaction and exchange.

life drawing: Mr. Leung
model: Tommy
translation: Janice Im

【Essay to be continued】
【2. Short Introduction to Nude Photography Modelling and
【3. Comparisons Between the Two】
【4. About Money as Compensation】

Friday, 12 May 2017

003【體模之路:祼體模特兒入門】

003【體模之路:祼體模特兒入門】

在香港,公開身份的裸體模特兒不多,也沒有一個有規模的相關組織。雖然早年有「人體藝術協會」的成立,不過他們比較着重天體的理念。而我們成立【體模社 Life Model Club】分享裸體模特兒經驗,希望讓公眾認識到裸體模特兒的專業,甚至有機會參與這個工作。

入行條件:
你的身體

入行途徑:
A. 經相關藝術創作的朋友轉介
B. 裸體繪畫模特兒可以直接與 life drawing class 的畫室負責人聯絡,又或者參加人體模特兒繪畫班,之後自薦為模特兒;也有些畫班是學員輪流作模特兒的
C. 裸體攝影模特兒可以自行聯絡感興趣的攝影師
D. 有攝影師會在網上招募模特兒,也可以自行與他們聯絡

以下幾篇文章主要為個人的工作經驗和見聞:
【1。簡介繪畫裸體模特兒】
【2。簡介祼體攝影模特兒及《特別注意事項!》】
【3。上述兩者比較】
【4。關於以金錢作為報酬】

油畫:韋蓉
模特兒: Jing Pang

【文章待續】



003【Way to Life Modelling: How to work as a Nude Model】

In Hong Kong, there are few publically known nude life models, and no related organization of size and stature. Although some years back there was an organization called “Body Art Association”, they were more pre-occupied with the freedom to be nude rather than nude modelling itself. Thus, we have established “Life Model Club” to share our experiences in nude life modelling. Through this, we hope to allow the public to get to know this profession, and even have a chance to take part in this work.

Requirements:
Your Body

Way to Life Modelling:
A. Referrals through friends who work in the arts
B. Nude life models can directly contact organizers of life drawing classes, or take part in such classes yourself; you can then later self-recommend as a model, as in some classes it is actually the students who take turns modelling
C. Nude photography models can contact photographers you are interested in
D. Some photographers will recruit models online, so you can pay attention to those notices and contact the photographers directly

The following essays are mainly about personal work stories and experiences:
【1. Short Introduction to Nude Life Drawing Modelling】
【2. Short Introduction to Nude Photography Modelling and
【3. Comparisons Between the Two】
【4. About Money as Compensation】

oil painting: 韋蓉
model: Jing Pang
translation: Janice Im

【Essay to be continued】

Thursday, 11 May 2017

002【體模之前】

002【體模之前】

我們希望透過成立【體模社 Life Model Club】這個公開平台,分享工作經驗、作品或理論等。

在成為裸體模特兒之前,必先有一個清晰的身體自主概念——能夠在「解放」身體之前,建立一套自己對身體的想法。要細心考慮在成為裸體模特兒後,能否克服他人的批評?又能否平衡「我」在社會上的角色及身份?是「叛逆」還是「順從」社會的普遍價值?我是一個怎樣的人?

身體自主,是一種自我肯定,經過不斷審視自我,重新訂立「我」是誰,才能踏實地走上裸體模特兒之路。

以上看似簡單的幾句,但大家要思考的東西非常多。我試舉身邊一些例子:

1. C 希望成為裸體模特兒,但怕家人反對,於是在工作後慢慢向家人解說工作性質,又展示以他的身體創作的作品,家人慢慢理解,然後支持他的工作。

2. H 希望成為裸體模特兒,但知道家人一定會反對,於是只私下與攝影師合作,平日隱藏做模特兒的事情,以免被家人發現。不過後來家人從攝影刊物中發現了她,才在家中與她傾談,家人表明無法接受女兒公開展示身體的事情,無論是不是藝術創作。不過大家總算了解過對方的立場,在無法達成共識之下,也算是「溝通過了」。

由此可見,有些人即使有興趣當裸體模特兒,卻害怕不能承受來自父母的壓力,又怕傷及家人的心,又怕伴侶不接受,又害怕自己之後改變主意會後悔等。
3. 我自己當裸體模特兒的唯一考慮,就是我的身體只屬於我,我有責任為自己做的事情負責,只要不傷害他人,我想做的就去做。

後來被人問及我是什麼時候開始「解放」身體的?我為甚麼能建立對身體的自信?我認為要考慮的不是裸與不裸、或能否公開展示,而是我想不想這樣做而已。每一個人都擁有一個身體,只能活一次的話,我希望以我的方式去「運用」它。

當模特兒其實只是其次,希望大家能理解自己相信的價值,細心衡量、真心擁抱自己相信的,無悔面對自己的身體。

攝影: Cheung Chi Wai
模特兒:Jing Pang, siuding


002【Before Becoming a Life Model】

Through the public platform of 【Life Model Club】, we hope to establish a space for sharing work experience, personal projects or theories of the body.

Before becoming a life model, one must have a clear concept regarding the autonomy of the body – you need to develop your own way of thinking about the body before you “liberate” it. You need to consider carefully - can you deal with other people’s judgments and criticisms as a nude life model? Would you be able to balance your other identities and roles in society? Are you “rebelling” or simply “following” society’s common values? What kind of a person am I?

Body autonomy is a kind of self-affirmation. Only through a continual process of self-examination and re-establishment of who “I” am, can I embark on the road of nude life modelling.

The above points may seem simple, but really, the things you need to think about are many. Let me give you some examples:

1. C hopes to become a nude life model, but he is afraid of his family’s opposition. So, after work he spends time talking to his family about the nature of the modelling work, and shows them art pieces that he had made with his body. His family slowly starts to understand, and support him in this work

2.H hopes to become a nude life model, but she knows her family will be opposed to it, so she only works privately with photographers. She hides the fact that she works as a model to prevent her family from discovering. However, her parents later uncover these images in the photography magazines, and so decide to talk to her about the issue. They are unable to accept their daughter publicly showing her body, whether it is for art or not. At this point, even though they are not able to come to a place of mutual agreement, both sides did make an effort to understand where each other is coming from, thus there was still communication.

From these examples, we can see that even if some people have an interest in nude life modelling, they may still not be able to withstand parental pressures, or be afraid of hurting their family’s feelings. As well, they may need to deal with non-acceptance from their partners, or the fact that they could end up changing their minds and regretting their decisions.

3.For me, my only concern when deciding to go into nude life modelling is that my body belongs to me only. I have a responsibility towards the things I do. As long as I am not hurting anyone, I can do anything I like.

Later I was asked since when I had started to “liberate” my body? How did I manage to develop such confidence in my own body? I think the points of consideration are not whether I decide to go nude or not, or whether I should do so publicly. The only thing that matters is whether I want to do it or not do it. Every person has autonomy over his or her own body. Since we only live once, I hope to fully “utilize” it in my own way.

Being a life model is not the most important thing. My big hope is that through this process, everyone can begin to understand the values they believe in, think them through carefully, wholeheartedly embrace their beliefs, and act with no regrets towards their own bodies.

photography: Cheung Chi Wai
models: Jing Pang, siuding
translation: Janice Im

Wednesday, 10 May 2017

001【身體與我】

001【身體與我】

朋友問:係咪搞藝術嘅人,都特別感性,成日會裸體?
我答:如果係森林裡面,我哋同動物唔會因為著咗衫而有好大分別,對獅子嚟講,我哋只係佢哋口中嘅一塊肉。
朋友再問:但係我哋而家又唔係喺森林度,著衫唔係文明、有文化嘅象徵咩?

經常被問為甚麼要裸體的我,以為放下了幽默的回答。我正正經經地說出裸體於我的原因:
• 個人的自由選擇
• 學習認識人體,是認識世界的方法之一
• 欣賞身體之美

現時大部份的美術訓練都以西方美學基礎教學,學習素描是掌握事物比例的開始。而素描基礎分為靜物和人體素描學習兩類,幾乎所有學生,不論主修美術與否,都曾經學習素描。
從繪畫,學習掌握靜物和人體比例,從而了解事物之間的距離,鍛鍊至能夠勾勒整個環境。在觀察和繪畫的過程中,我們不知不覺深入認識了各種事物。

試想想日常生活中的建築、時裝、家具、日用品等,無一不以人為服務對像,我們要設計出以人為本的生活環境,便要認識身體:門的高度、桌子闊度、椅子要多大、一個人需要多少空間,無一不涉及人的比例。

歴史上,身體一直是量度事物的單位來源。(註1)今天仍然常用的:呎(foot)/碼 yard/吋 inch都是以身體的不同部份作量度:腳/鼻尖到食指尖/大拇指的距離。(註2)(註3)而且我們也常以「手掌大小/半身/一個頭左右」來形容事物的大小高度。

另外,身體的流線形結構也反映宇宙萬物的設計奧妙,例如手腕受傷,手便使不出氣力;脊椎出事,也會使指尖痲痹。我們身體的組成,環環相扣,都有它的功用。

同時身體的線條又像山脈流水,人人相似又各有不同,在身體中我們尋找到自然地貌,像大海和落霞一樣讓你看之不厭。身體種種比例和質感,正正反映這種宇宙的永恒的美。

你假如仍要問,認識人體就是一定要裸體嗎?
我會答,你不也是看過自己的裸體來認識身體嗎?

———————————
(註1):Foot (unit) 呎
Historically the human body has been used to provide the basis for units of length.
﹣ Oswald Ashton Wentworth Dilke (May 22, 1987). Mathematics and measurement. University of California Press. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-520-06072-2. Retrieved February 2, 2012.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foot_(unit)
(註2):English units
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_units
(註3):補習-英文背景小常識:英制尺寸的由來
http://kltyi.mysinablog.com/index.php…
(photography: siuding)
(model: Ada Hung)


001【My Body and Me】

A friend asks: Is it that people who work in the arts tend to be especially sentimental and emotional, so they like to spend more time naked?

My answer: If we are in a forest, there would not be much difference between us and the animals just because we wear clothing. To a lion, we are still a piece of meat in their mouths.

A friend asks again: We do not even live in forests. Isn’t wearing clothing a sign of being civilized and cultured?

I am often asked why I like to be nude, and thought I have already let go of such humorous conversations. To set the record straight, I now seriously state the reasons why I go nude:

• It is about personal freedom and choice
• I believe that learning about and admiring bodies is a way of getting to know the world
• It is a way of appreciating the beauty of bodies

Nowadays most arts teaching and training is based on Western aesthetics, and learning how to sketch is the basis for grappling with the proportions of things. The foundation for sketching is further divided into still life and figure drawing. Indeed, almost all students will have studied sketching whether or not they had majored in art.

From drawing, we learn about proportions in everyday objects and human bodies. We then gain an understanding of the physical distance between things, and consequently can train ourselves to sketch out entire environments. Throughout these processes, we reach a deeper understanding of all kinds of people and objects in life.

For example, think of architecture, fashion, furniture and household objects in our everyday lives. These things are intended for people’s usage, so to design a living environment that prioritizes the human experience, we will need to learn more about bodies: the height of doors, the width of tables, the size of chairs, the amount of space an individual needs, etc. Every one of these fields relate directly to human proportions.

Historically, human bodies have been used to provide the basis for units of length. (Note 1) The ones we still use today - foot/yard/inch : length of a foot/nose to fingertip/width of a thumb (Note 2 & 3) – come from using different body parts as units of measurement. As well, in Chinese we commonly use phrases such as “the size of your palm”, “half-body”, or “the height of a head” to refer to the height and size of things.

In addition, the streamlined dips and curves of the human body also reflect the genius of all life design in the universe. For instance, if we hurt our wrists, we would not be able to use our hands; if something happens to our spines, it would also cause our fingertips to go numb. The way our bodies are organized is all interrelated, and everything has its function.

At the same time, the shapes of our bodies are like the rivers and mountains in nature. Though they may look alike, no two are exactly the same. In bodies, we can find traces of the natural phenomena around us. Like the ever-changing oceans and sunsets, we never get tired of looking at them. We can say that the various proportions and textures of our bodies are exactly a reflection of the eternal beauty of this universe.

If you still want to ask, do we really need to be nude to get to know the human body?
I will answer, didn’t you get to know the body in the same way, through looking at your own naked body?

———————————
(Note 1): Foot (unit)
Historically the human body has been used to provide the basis for units of length.
﹣ Oswald Ashton Wentworth Dilke (May 22, 1987). Mathematics and measurement. University of California Press. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-520-06072-2. Retrieved February 2, 2012.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foot_(unit)

(Note 2): English units
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_units

(Note 3): 補習-英文背景小常識:英制尺寸的由來
http://kltyi.mysinablog.com/index.php?op=ViewArticle&articleId=2789516

photography: siuding
model: Ada Hung
translation: Janice Im

Monday, 24 April 2017

體模社 Life Model Club

我們希望透過成立【體模社 Life Model Club】這個公開平台,分享工作經驗、作品或理論等。
Through the public platform of 【Life Model Club】, we hope to establish a space for sharing work experience, personal projects or theories of the body.

https://www.facebook.com/hklifemodelclub